Crime Rates and Trends in New York City and Statewide

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New York City is considered one of the largest cities in the US and is known for its high crime rate. The total daily crime rate in New York is 5.85, with a property crime rate of 4.27 and a violent crime rate of 1.58. These rates are not too different from the average state rates, which are 4.86 for total crime, 3.86 for property crime, and 1 for violent crime. New York is safer than 19% of other American cities. Yet, its crime rate increased by 5% YoY, which is evident from the latest violent crime rate data.

General Statistics

  • The total crime rate in New York City is 9% lower than the US average.
  • The property crime rate in the city is down by 20% compared to the national average.
  • The violent crime rate in NYC is a concern as it is 49% higher than the national average.
  • In 2020, there were a total of 177,320 reported crimes.
  • New York City is safer than 19% of other cities in the US.
  • Year-over-year, the crime rate in NYC has increased by 5%.
  • Currently, the total daily crime rate in the city is 5.58. For comparison, the state average is 4.86, and the US average is 6.43.

Safest Areas in New York City

  • Battery Park, located in Lower Manhattan, is one of the safest places near New York City.
  • Tribeca, located just above Battery Park, is one of the most expensive places in the city.
  • Greenwich Village, situated west of Lower Manhattan, is known for its vibrant art scene.

Types of Crimes in New York City

  • There were a total of 177,320 crime incident reports in 2020.
  • Of these, 47,959 were violent crimes and 129,361 were property crimes.
  • The most common types of crimes in NYC are aggravated assault and theft.

Analysis of Crime Types


  • Theft is the most prevalent crime in New York City, with 106,196 reported incidents in 2020.
  • The theft rate in NYC is 1,279.4, close to the national (1,398.0) and state (1,143.6) rates.

Violent Crimes

  • NYC reported 47,959 incidents of violent crimes in 2020. These include murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
  • According to the latest FBI reports, NYC reported 468 murders in 2020, corresponding to a murder rate of 5.6. In contrast, the state average is 4.2, but the national average is 6.5.
  • There were 32,056 reported cases of aggravated assaults in NYC in 2020, corresponding to an assault rate of 386.2. The state’s average is 240.7, while the US average is 279.

Crime Rate Trend

  • The historic low in reported Index crime has led to a decline of 25.8 percent in New York’s Index crime rate between 2010 and 2019.
  • During this 10-year period, the violent crime rate decreased by 8 percent and the property crime rate declined by 29 percent.
  • New Hampshire and New York were among the states with the lowest rates for property and violent crime.



Statewide Crime Rate (2001-2010)

  • According to a report by the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, the overall rate of Index crimes in New York State decreased by 21 percent.
  • The rate of violent crimes decreased by 25 percent, and the rate of property crimes decreased by 20 percent.
  • The largest reductions in rates were seen for motor vehicle theft and robbery.
  • The actual number of crimes reported also fell for the period 2001 through 2010 with 108,622 fewer crimes reported in 2010 than in 2001.
  • Counties outside of New York City accounted for 58 percent of all crimes in 2010, as compared to 50 percent in 2000.
  • Between 2009 and 2010, violent crime incidents involving a firearm decreased by 4 percent, and 61

The New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services is legally authorized to gather and process data on crime from the court, law enforcement offices, prosecution, and also correction agencies in the State. The data is used to create detailed statistics on crimes, dispositions, and arrests. There are 13 databases with statistics along with 6 important reports that have regularly updated information on the number of index crimes per 100,000 populations for each county in NY. The FBI displays the data for each county on a yearly basis.

This data is based on the U.S. Census estimates. This data is used to calculate the crime rates. Crime counts rely on official crime reports that are submitted to the Division of Criminal Justice Services via the Uni-form Crime Reporting and Incident-Based Reporting programs. The so-called “index offenses” refer to violent crimes such as murder, robbery, rape, and aggravated assault, while “property crimes” include burglary, larceny, and car theft. These databases and statistics are used by both the DCJS and the FBI to see the general crime trends in the State of New York.

You can also check this link to get a glimpse of the index offenses and property crimes in each of the 62 counties in NY. More general data can be found by following the link provided here

  • Annual reports;
  • Domestic violence and violence against women;
  • Drug law reform;
  • Hate crimes;
  • Juvenile crime and the juvenile justice system;
  • Missing Children, NYS Missing and exploited children clearinghouse;
  • Motor vehicle;
  • Offender reentry;
  • Sex offender management;
  • Reference materials.

According to the reports published, the crime rates and the crime volume have experienced major declines over the past decade. The 2001-2010 decade has seen a drop in the overall rate of index crimes per 100,000 residents by 21%. Also, violent crimes such as murders, rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults have dropped by 25%. Property crimes such as burglaries, larcenies and car thefts have also dropped by 20%. It seems that the biggest drop in crime rates was for car thefts and robberies. Index crimes have dropped each year (2001-2010), though slightly rising in 2008. The number of major crimes reached the lowest levels ever in 2010. We are talking about 108,000 fewer crimes reported in 2010 as compared to the year 2001.

A key point to take into consideration is that more than 350,000 residents boosted New York’s population during the 2001-2010 decade.

But not all NY areas have witnessed the same crime reduction; the drop in index crime in New York City was greater than the one experienced in the counties placed outside NY City. These counties account for 58% of the reported crime statewide, as compared to 50% in 2000.