The Executive Law 837-A demands the Division of Criminal Justice Services in the State of New York to report the processing of violent felony offenses. These offenses are officially defined in Penal Law 70.02.
In 1930, Congress authorized the Federal Bureau of Investigations to become the manager of a law enforcement crime reporting system at a national level. This Uniform Crime Reporting Program was based on a similar system dating back to 1920s. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program refers to offenses that are being reported to law enforcement agencies. It also relies on arrests made by the same law enforcement agencies. UCR also makes use of standard offense definitions in order to take these crimes into account, indifferent of the variations that crime laws might register from state to state.
The Division of Criminal Justice Services is responsible for gathering crime and arrest reports from more than 500 NY State police departments and also sheriffs' offices. These reports are then compiled in the form of the official statistics of the State of New York. All of these statistics are then submitted to the FBI under the https://www.fbi.gov/.
The creation of several New York Crime Analysis Centers in Albany, Erie, Monroe and Onondaga is the result of the proposal of the Division of Criminal Justice Services. The establishment of these centers was discussed several years ago, and their locations are based on their total Part I crime numbers and their high rate of violent- and firearm-related crimes. These centers have given birth to a centrally located unit which completes thorough analysis of all NY county crime incident data. The data is then used for the informed decision-making process in those areas that imply strategic planning.
The success of these centers has led to the honoring of the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. The special project involves criminal data sharing in four of the most important urban centers in New York. Access to millions of criminal records is thus permitted, boosting the ability of those agencies to fight against violent crime.
The centers are also responsible for offering police and sheriff's or district attorney's offices the centrally located unit they need to use for analyzing all county crime data. Two programs that are being offered by Visual Analytics Inc., VisuaLinks and DIG enable approximately 90 crime analysts in the four centers to gain access to, research and completely mine data on more than 55 different databases. The main responsibilities of these people refer to working in fast crime hotspot discovery; they can also identify potential hotspots of crime patterns prior to them becoming crime trends. They are also involved in the creation of daily briefs on crime data, which are aiding law enforcement officers to make critical informed deployment decisions.
The use of such strategic technology in order to fight against violent crime is not uncommon throughout many U.S. states, and New York has attentively embraced the standards. The intelligence that these special Crime Analysis Centers is able to display in front of law enforcement executives for their decision-making processes refers to daily tactical deployment. It also plays a significant role in the long-term planning process the same executives are held responsible for; they can therefore solve violent crimes and offer street officers the essential type of information they need to keep both them and the NY citizens safer.
Finally, the Crime Analysis Centers were built as a result of the success of Operation IMPACT, which is the state's main program that fights against crime. The IMPACT program targets 17 counties both Upstate and on Long Island, and its main focusing points refer to: the accurate and timely use of crime data, the use of advanced technology to boost traditional crime-fighting strategies and others.